Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), also called dry eye syndrome (DES), or simply dry eyes, is an eye disease caused by decreased tear production or increased tear film evaporation commonly found in humans and some animals. Symptoms may include: itching, redness, blurred vision, a gritty or sandy sensation or even excess watering. It can be caused by age, medications (antihistamines), disease (Sjogren's Syndrome or Rheumatoid Arthritis), environment (air conditioning, heat) or structural problems with the eye. Treatment may include: the use of artificial teardrops and ointments, punctal occlusions (tiny plugs inserted into the puncta or drainage system of the eye), surgery (to permanently close the drainage system) or the use of Restasis® (a prescription eye drop that helps increase the production of tears).
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